The western hemlock always has droopy new growth at the top of the tree with soft foliage and needles. A full grown tree can be 30 to 50 metres tall with numerous small green-brown cones and rough scaly bark.
RANGE & HABITAT
They grow along the B.C. coast and in the Rocky Mountains. In B.C., the western hemlock is found in the Coast and Mountain ecoprovince.
These trees can grow for over 200 years. They usually sprout in the damp old wood from a rotten tree or stump, and when they die and fall over, they will create more old wood for new seedlings to grow in.
Western hemlock provides food and shelter for many birds and animals; the leaves are an important source of food for deer and elk. The seedlings of the tree are food for smaller animals like snowshoe hare and rabbits.
TRADITIONAL FIRST NATIONS USES
The inner bark of the tree was used to make bread and cakes by whipping it with snow and fish grease, and the needles of the tree were used for tea and spice. The wood was used to design carvings, utensils, combs, and dishes. The bark provided red dye and was used in tanning hides. The roots were used to make rope and fishing lines. Clothing was also made out of the roots and branches.
The wood is used in construction and carpentry.
COSEWIC: Not at Risk