Like most other woodpeckers, three-toed woodpeckers are white and black. Unlike most woodpeckers the males of this group have a bright yellow stripe on the top of their heads.
Range & Habitat
They are mostly found in old-growth forests where dead standing trees, called ‘snags’, are found. In Canada they are found from the northern reaches of B.C. and far into the US.
Diet & Behaviour
True to their name the woodpeckers peck at wood to get to the delicious insects that live under the bark of various trees. They have two common calls, a short call that sounds like ‘pert’ and a second that sounds like a drum roll that slowly gets faster.
Lifecycle & Threats
Woodpeckers make their homes in dead standing trees called ‘snags’. In the spring they lay four to five white eggs. After two weeks the small chicks are born. Due to the fact that these woodpeckers need snags to survive their main threats are related to human disturbances in old growth forests (logging and urban development).
COSEWIC: Not at Risk
Photo Sergey Yeliseev