Spotted Owl

Strix occidentalis caurina


These owls are medium-sized with dark brown feathers, a round head, and large dark eyes. Their head and hind neck have white spots.

Range & Habitat

They are only found in North America from southern B.C. to Mexico. They live in dense old-growth forests, and build nests in a hole in a tree—usually an old nest of a squirrel or hawk. In B.C. the owls lives in the Coast and Mountains, and Georgia Depression ecoprovinces.

Diet & Behaviour

Their prey is eaten head first, and they eat small mammals, birds, several species of bats, and large insects.

Lifecycle & Threats

Owlets are born in the spring and stay with their parents until the end of summer after which they disperse in the forest independently. They will breed when they are two to three years old and mate for life. They lay one or two eggs every March or April. Due to their small clutch size they are more susceptible threats than other species with high reproduction rates. Spotted owls have no major predators, but their biggest threat is loss of old-growth forest to logging. There are fewer then 10 mating pairs in B.C.


COSEWIC: Endangered
CDC: Red

More Information

Photo: US Fish and Wildlife Service