Salal has evergreen, shiny, dark green leaves with bell-shaped flowers and dark bluish/purple fruit. It grows from 0.2 to give metres in height.
RANGE & HABITAT
It is the most common shrub in the B.C. coastal area, growing in coniferous coastal forests and into southeastern B.C. In B.C., this plant grows in the Coast and Mountains and Georgia Depression ecoprovinces.
Salal is an evergreen; it keeps its beautiful green leaves all year round. It spreads by underground stems and roots. In the summer pinkish blossoms occur and in the fall the plant produces large dark red to dark purple berries.
Deer and elk eat the twigs and birds and other animals including bears eat the branches and berries. Salal cover provides shelter for small animals and is a place of rest and bedding for elk and deer.
TRADITIONAL FIRST NATIONS USES
Salal berries were a major source of food for B.C. First Nations. The branches and leaves were used to line cooking pits.
Branches are used in floral arrangements.
COSEWIC: Not at Risk
Photo: James Gaither