Red-Osier dogwood is a shrub (one to four metres tall) with pointed oval leaves, bright red stems, white/green flowers and small white or blueish white berries.
RANGE & HABITAT
Find this dogwood in moist soils near wetlands and rivers throughout North America, from Newfoundland and New York to Alaska, B.C. and northern California.
This shrub spreads easily: it has many stems, and often lower branches touch the ground and put down roots.
Red-osier dogwood provides an important source of winter food for moose, elk and deer..
TRADITIONAL FIRST NATIONS USES
First Peoples ate the berries (in spite of their bitterness) and boiled the bark to use as a poultice to relieve pain and swelling.
The striking red stems of the red-osier dogwood make it a popular ornamental plant.
COSEWIC: Not at Risk
Photo: Dan Mullen