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Red-Osier Dogwood

Cornus stolonifera

Red-Osier Dogwood

APPEARANCE

Red-Osier dogwood is a shrub (one to four metres tall) with pointed oval leaves, bright red stems, white/green flowers and small white or blueish white berries.

RANGE & HABITAT

Find this dogwood in moist soils near wetlands and rivers throughout North America, from Newfoundland and New York to Alaska, B.C. and northern California.

LIFE CYCLE

This shrub spreads easily: it has many stems, and often lower branches touch the ground and put down roots.

ANIMAL USES

Red-osier dogwood provides an important source of winter food for moose, elk and deer..

TRADITIONAL FIRST NATIONS USES

First Peoples ate the berries (in spite of their bitterness) and boiled the bark to use as a poultice to relieve pain and swelling.

MODERN USES

The striking red stems of the red-osier dogwood make it a popular ornamental plant.

STATUS

COSEWIC: Not at Risk
CDC: Yellow

MORE INFORMATION

www.enature.com

Photo: Dan Mullen