For thousands of years, the Haida have stewarded the land and sea, rich with abundant life and culture. Beginning in the early 1980s, the Haida Watchmen program has taken action to protect ecosystems and village sites in Gwaii Haanas, an important means for community members to maintain their culture and be connected with the land.
In the early 1970s, the Haida launched a campaign to protect the southern archipelago of Haida Gwaii from reckless industrial old-growth logging.
The government of BC continued to push for logging of the area, known to it at the time as South Moresby. When it approved a new set of controversial cutblocks, the Haida drew a line in the sand at Tllga Kun Gwaay.yaay or Athlii Gwaii, known to some as Lyell Island.