Salal

Gaultheria shallon

Photo: Nancy Turner

Salal

APPEARANCE

Salal has evergreen, shiny, dark green leaves with bell-shaped flowers and dark bluish/purple fruit. It grows from 0.2 to give metres in height.

RANGE & HABITAT

It is the most common shrub in the B.C. coastal area, growing in coniferous coastal forests and into southeastern B.C. In B.C., this plant grows in the Coast and Mountains and Georgia Depression ecoprovinces.

LIFE CYCLE

Salal is an evergreen; it keeps its beautiful green leaves all year round. It spreads by underground stems and roots. In the summer pinkish blossoms occur and in the fall the plant produces large dark red to dark purple berries.

ANIMAL USES

Deer and elk eat the twigs and birds and other animals including bears eat the branches and berries. Salal cover provides shelter for small animals and is a place of rest and bedding for elk and deer.

TRADITIONAL FIRST NATIONS USES

Salal berries were a major source of food for B.C. First Nations. The branches and leaves were used to line cooking pits.

MODERN USES

Branches are used in floral arrangements.

STATUS

COSEWIC: Not at Risk
CDC: Yellow

MORE INFORMATION

www.bcadventure.com

Photo: James Gaither

More Coast and Mountains species

Yellow Cedar
Wild Ginger
Western Hemlock
Tailed Frog
Sword Fern
Salal
Red Alder
Pacific Treefrog
Pacific Salmon
Pacific Giant Salamander
Marbled Murrelet
Keen's Long-Eared Bat
Devil's Club
Columbian Black-tailed Deer
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More Georgia Depression species

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Western Sandpiper
Vancouver Island Marmot
Sword Fern
Salal
River Otter
Red Alder
Pink Fawn Lily
Oregon Grape
Northern Alligator Lizard
Garry Oak
Douglas's Squirrel
Dall's Porpoise
Canada Goose
Blue Camas
Bald Eagle
Arbutus (Pacific Madrone)